Risk Factors Associated with Acute Coronary Syndrome after Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2017-0036

Objective: Admission for acute coronary syndrome after successful percutaneous coronary intervention is a delicate situation for the patient and doctor. Predictors of these cases are poorly described.
Methods: We retrospectively analysed the files of post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology of the Institute for Cardiovascular Disease and Heart Transplant in Tirgu Mures between January 2012 and December 2015. Analyses using the t-test, chi-square test, and Fisher test were performed to compare demographics, clinical and angiographic characteristics of patients with acute coronary syndrome, patients with stable angina, and those without symptoms.
Results: One hundred eighty post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients were readmitted; 46 patients (25.55%) were readmitted for acute coronary syndrome. Histories of arterial hypertension and renal dysfunction at hospital admission were associated with acute coronary syndrome. Bare metal stent in-stent restenosis and localisation of bare metal stent in-stent restenosis of the left descendent coronary artery were angiographic predictors of acute coronary syndrome.
Conclusion: Several clinical and angiographic factors identify patients at high risk for acute coronary syndrome after successful percutaneous coronary intervention. Recognition and treatment of these factors may prevent readmission for such a dangerous condition and may improve outcomes.

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