Tag Archives: autopsy

Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Mureș County, Romania – A Retrospective Autopsy Based Study

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2019-0024

Objective: The main objective of this study is to evaluate the medico-legal aspects of fatal road traffic accidents.
Methods: This is a retrospective study consisting of 80 forensic autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine – Tîrgu Mureș, Romania during a two years period, between January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2017. The information obtained was based on the medical records and the evaluation of autopsy reports.
Results: Male victims involved in road traffic accidents were nearly three times more numerous than women (72.5% vs. 27.5%). Divided into 3 age groups (under 35 years old, 36-59 years old and over 60 years old) we noticed a relatively uniform distribution of the victims, with a slight dominance of the 36-59 age group and the over 60 years of age group. The highest number of victims was among the pedestrians (36.25%), followed in decreasing order by the drivers (33.75%), passengers (17.5%), cyclists (7.5%) and motorcyclists (5%). Positive alcohol testing was found in 14 of drivers (81 %). The analysis of lesions found during necropsies of the deceased at the scene of the accident highlights some particularly life-incompatible injuries that resemble any rescue effort on the part of the medical crew moved to the scene of the accident.
Conclusion: Inappropriate road conditions and indiscipline in traffic of both drivers and pedestrians contribute to unacceptably high mortality.

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Medico-legal and Social Aspects of Mechanic Asphyxias

Background: In the last years, in Mureş county there was ascertained a significant growth of deaths due to anoxias caused by violence.
Aim: This study is an assessment concerning the prevalence and incidence of mechanical asphyxia in Mures county over three years, from 2005 to 2007.
Methods: The study took place at the Forensic Medicine Institute, Tg. Mures, including the analysis of 1926 medico-legal necropsies, 434 cases being violent deaths caused by mechanical asphyxias like: hanging, drowning in water and asphyxia with food bolus.
Results: In the analyzed casuistry was found that there were prevalent the deaths caused by hanging (343 cases), these being followed by the drowning ones (84 cases) and then the mechanical asphyxias caused by food bolus (7 cases). Distribution by sex showed a predominance of deaths in males (352 cases) compared to females (82 cases). Depending on location, deaths in rural location were prevalent to the ones from the urban location.
Conclusions: Concerning mechanical asphyxias predominates the mechanical asphyxia by hanging, which also represents suicide method, the other 2 types of asphyxias (drowning in water and mechanical asphyxia caused by food bolus) being seldom. Death by drowning in water represents a rarer method of suicide and the accidental form is met more during the warm season. Asphyxia with food bolus is produced totally accidental in persons under alcohol influence or total edentate.

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