Tag Archives: questionnaire

Clinical Study on the Perception of Patients with Orthodontic Appliances Regarding the Periodontal Change

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2019-0021

Introduction: The orthodontic treatment helps in reestablishing a functional occlusion, improving the aesthetics and functionality of the dento-facial complex. A correct alignment of the teeth, through the correction of some dental or skeletal anomalies, enhances the possibilities of dental hygiene, thus reducing the risk of periodontal affections. Nevertheless, the presence of orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity may reduce the efficacy of the means of oral hygiene by creating retentive areas for food, thus producing damages at the level of the marginal periodontium.
Objective: The evaluation of oral hygiene practices for patients in the course of fixed orthodontic therapy and the identification of changes appeared at the level of the marginal periodontium caused by the orthodontic appliances.
Material and methods: A questionnaire with 20 questions was distributed to a number of 129 patients undergoing the active phase of orthodontic treatment in the Orthodontic and Dentofacial Clinic of the Medical Dental School Tîrgu Mureș or in some private practices in the Bucharest metropolitan area.
Results: The majority of patients surveyed are aware of the means of dental hygiene and practice a daily brushing, associated with auxiliary means. The iatrogenic effects of the fixed therapy are represented by gingival recession, gingival overgrowth and bleeding during brushing but these were visible only in the case of a small number of patients.
Conclusions: The fixed orthodontic treatment must be started only after a thorough evaluation of the marginal periodontium, with a close orthodontist – periodontist collaboration and avoidance of jiggling-like movements.

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Romanian Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the SarQol Questionnaire

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2016-0036

Sarcopenia, or age-related muscle loss is emerging as a major public health concern. A reduced quality of life (QoL) due to impaired physical performance associated with this disease has been evidenced in these individuals.Generic instruments, such as Short Form 36 questionnaire (SF-36), do not accurately assess the impact of sarcopenia on QoL. SarQol (Sarcopenia Quality of Life) questionnaire, was the first disease-specific questionnaire addressing quality of life in patients with sarcopenia and has been recently designed for providing a global picture on quality of life in community-dwelling elderly subjects aged 65 years and older. Our aim was the translation and cultural adaptation of the original SarQol, to finally obtain a highly reliable instrument for the assessment of the quality of life of Romanian patients, affected by sarcopenia.
We followed the recommended process, the international protocol of translation. The pretest process involved 20 subjects (10 sarcopenic and 10 non sarcopenic with different educational and socioeconomic backgrounds) who were asked to complete the questionnaire. Feedbacks were requested from all subjects regarding the clearness of questions, difficulties in completing the test or understanding the meaning of questions. Using the recommended best practice protocol for translation, the pre-final version is comparable with the original instrument in terms of content and accuracy. After the validation of psychometric properties, it should be a useful tool to assess Quality of Life and sarcopenia among elderly Romanian patients.

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Use of Dentifrices and Fluoride Supplements by Preschool Children – a Pilot Study

Aim: The purpose of this pilot study was to collect information about tooth brushing habits of preschool children in Targu-Mures and to identify the usage of fluoride (F) supplements.
Material and methods: A structured questionnaire was completed by the parents of 81 children aged 3 to 6 years (37 girls and 44 boys) regarding the tooth cleaning habits of their children and use of F supplements. Chi-square test for independence and trend was used to determine the relation between age of children and quantity of toothpaste used and frequency of tooth brushing, respectively.
Results: All parents claimed that fluoride dentifrices were used and tooth brushing of children was supervised. 24.69% of the children have started tooth brushing before the age of 2 years. Most of the children brushed their teeth at least twice a day (59.25%) and used more than an optimal amount of toothpaste (60.49%). A statistically significant association between children’s age and amount of dentifrice used (p = 0.0496) and also a significant linear trend (p = 0.0216) was found. We also found a significant association (p = 0.0246) and a significant linear trend (p = 0.0029) between the age of children and frequency of tooth brushing. Only 13.58% of the children received F supplements.
Conclusion: Special attention should be given to the amount of toothpaste used by children younger than 6 years in order to avoid uncontrolled fluoride ingestion. Before administration of F supplements, the fluoride intake from other sources should be investigated.

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