Tag Archives: resuscitation

Study on the Pre-hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitations Of the Mobile Intensive Care Ambulance Teams From Tîrgu Mureș, Romania, in 2009

Objective: To analyze the results of the resuscitation efforts of the SMURD medical teams, in pre-hospital, in 2009.
Methods: We conducted a prospective study between 01/01/2009 – 12/31/2009. We included in the study all the cases with cardiac arrest at the arrival, those that occurred during transport and all the CPR attempts performed together with the first aid teams. For the statistical study we used SPSS program version 17, χ2 test and p values were determined to compare the data obtained.
Results: In 2009, the team had 250 cardiac arrest cases, 16.7% of the total of 1490 calls. Resuscitation was performed on 67.6% of patients.The good outcome of the resuscitation was statistically correlated with the distance to the case p = 0.01.The acute coronary syndrome was responsible for 27% of the cardiac arrest cases, severe trauma for 11%. The initial cardiac arrest rhythm was in 83.2% of cases asystole. BLS was performed, before the arrival of the team, to a number of 41 patients, bystander CPR representing only 2.36%. The SMURD team resuscitated a number of 58 patients in pre-hospital, 34.32% out of the 169 that had CPR, 41 died in the Emergency Department and 17 were hospitalized; 4 patients were discharged in good condition.
Conclusions: The early resuscitation outcome is good, comparable with the international data reported, the rate of late survival is smaller. The proportion of ventricular rhythms with a good prognosis is lower, which correlates with longer distances traveled to the scene and less involvement of the population in BLS.

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Study on the Activity of the Cardiac Arrest Teams from the Emergency Department of the Clinical Emergency County Hospital from Tîrgu Mureș, Romania, in 2009

Objective: To evaluate the activity of the Cardiac Arrest Team (CAT) from the Emergency Department, called to perform resuscitation for patients admitted in different departments of the Clinical County Hospital.
Methods: We conducted a prospective study between 01/01–12/31/2009. We included all the patients we performed CPR on, regardless of indication.
Results: We had a total of 110 cases, representing 0.28% of the 39,074 patients assisted by the department in 2009. We noticed an increased incidence of calls in internal medicine and surgery departments, with 50% and 17% of the cases respectively. The most frequent diagnosis was cardiac arrest for respiratory failure and malignant tumors, each representing 17%, even though malignancy does not have an indication for resuscitation. There was no causal relationship between the outcome of resuscitation and age groups (p = 0.552), type of wards (p = 0.36), or the Basic Life Support (BLS) performed by the staff, before the CAT arrived (p = 0.76). Medical staff from wards started BLS in 40.1% of cases, in 32% of these cases only chest compressions were performed, without ventilation.The proportion of resuscitated versus deceased cases is 49.1% to 50.9%, so immediate results are good, unfortunately the late outcome is bad, 52 cases out of the 54 died later in ICU, 2 patients being discharged in good condition.
Conclusions: CAT should be called according to Do Not resuscitate criteria. Medical staff from the wards should be trained to start CPR and have basic equipment. The early outcome is comparable with the international data, the poor late results binds to resuscitation without indication.

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Study on the Resuscitations Performed in the Emergency Department of the Clinical Emergency County Hospital from Târgu Mureș in 2009

Objectives: The study assesses the results of the cardiac arrest resuscitations performed by the medical staff of the Emergency Department of The Clinical Emergency County Hospital from Târgu-Mureş in the year 2009.
Method: We conducted a prospective study between 01.01-31.12.2009, including the cardiac arrest cases occurred in the ED or brought with ongoing resuscitation from the pre-hospital setting. For the statistical study we used SPSS program, version 17; the χ2 tests and p values were determined to compare the data.
Results: We had a total of 186 cases of cardiac arrest, representing 0.47% of the total 39.074 patients assisted in the ED in 2009. The gender distribution of the cases showed a higher incidence in male (61%) and the most affected age groups ranged between 60–80 years. The patients with cardiac arrests presented various diagnosis: the highest incidence is acute coronary syndrome 32 patients (17%), followed by sepsis/MSOF 20 (11%), pneumonia/asthma 17 (9%), pulmonary embolism 17 (9%), stroke 13 (7%), etc. We have resuscitated successfully 42 patients, representing 22.58 % of the total 186 cases. All 42 patients were transferred to the hospitals departments. Out of the hospitalized patients, 25 died later on the wards and 17 (40.47%) survived and were discharged home, 6 from the Intensive Care Department and 11 from the Coronary Unit.
Conclusions: The results are comparable with the reported international data. The cases with cardiac arrest due to acute coronary syndrome, ventricular rhythms and those witnessed and treated early in the ED are having a better outcome.

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