Beneficial effects of Anemone palmata extracts on male rabbit fertility and reproduction

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2024-0010

Objective: The current study is intended to offer an insight on positive benefits of the herb Anemone palmate belonging to Ranunculaceae family, as an enhancing agent of male rabbit’s fertility.
Methods: Twelve male rabbits, in the growth stage, were divided randomly into four equal groups: one serving as the control and three subjected to different treatments. Anemone palmata extracts (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) were administered orally to the groups. Blood samples were collected to measure the serum levels of testosterone four weeks later. The weight of the testis and epididymis, sperm count, and sperm motility were determined histologically.
Results: The findings revealed a significant increase in the relative weights of the reproductive organs (testis and epididymis) and plasma testosterone levels in the groups that received the 100 and 200 mg/kg doses. Moreover a notable enhancement in the spermatozoa biology, including concentration, motility, and speed, was observed in the groups treated with 100 and 200 mg/kg doses compared to the control and the group treated with 50mg/kg. The histological study revealed some changes in the spermatogenesis and the structure of the organs, involving the presence of the spermatid phase. A significant increase in the thickness of seminiferous walls, a decrease in the interstitial space, and a reduction in the lumen and intra-tubular spaces were observed as well.
Conclusions: it is well indicated that Anemone palmata could improve fertility factors, and exhibit good effects on gonad and sperm parameters in rabbits.

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