Tag Archives: anastomosis

Rectal Cancer — Sphincter Saving Techniques

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2014-0003

Background: Rectal cancer management has as its main component the surgical treatment. The purpose of the paper is to point out the advantages and disadvantages of sphincter saving techniques, respecting the oncological principles.
Material and method: A cross-sectional, retrospective study was performed on a group of 69 patients admitted and surgically treated for rectal cancers in the Surgical Clinic I of the County Emergency Clinical Hospital of Tîrgu Mureș, for a period of one year (April 2012 – April 2013) and to whom rectal resections were performed. We followed the immediate postoperative evolutions in these patients, making a comparative analysis between those with the sphincter saving surgery and those in which other operations were performed.
Results: From the total of 69 patients diagnosed with rectal cancer, sphincter saving procedures with restoration of digestive continuity by coloanal anastomosis were performed in 12 patients (17.39%) using the peranal or transanal approach; in 42 patients (60.86%) anterior recto-sigmoidian resections with low and very low colorectal anastomosis („very low” Dixon procedure) were performed. In 15 cases (21.74%) the Miles type of rectal resections, using the abdomino-perineal way, were performed. Out of the 12 cases with peranal or transanal anastomosis, 4 cases had postoperative complications.
Conclusions: Rectal resection procedures, which are restoring the digestive tract continuity using low anastomosis (colorectal, coloanal, peranal or transanal), are representing viable and „physiological” alternatives, if they respect the oncologic principles. In well selected cases, the immediate postoperative evolution is favorable, relieving the patient from the psychological and physical trauma due to the presence of a colostomy.

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Sphincter Saving Techniques in Low Rectal Cancer Surgical Treatment: Results, Perspectives

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2015-0013

Objective: Sphincter saving techniques in low rectal cancer represents a challenge for the surgeons in their attempt to preserve the sphincter function and also to respect the principles of oncological surgery, in order to improve the quality of the patient’s life. The paper’s aim is to compare different sphincter saving techniques in regards to the early postoperative results.
Methods: An observational, retrospective study was performed on 76 patients (N = 76) operated for low rectal cancer in the Surgical Clinic no.1 of the Targu Mures Emergency Clinical County Hospital, between January 2010 and October 2014, to whom the rectal resection was followed by a primary restorative technique for preservation of the sphincter function. The immediate postoperative results after different types of sphincter saving procedures were analyzed and compared.
Results: From the studied patients, in 41 cases (53.94%) an anterior rectal resection with low colorectal anastomosis was done („very low” Dixon procedure), for 29 patients (38.15%) a sphincter saving technique with a peranal anastomosis was performed and in 6 cases (7.89%) an intersphinteric rectal resection with coloanal anastomosis was made.
Conclusions: Sphincter saving techniques, if oncological principles are respected, represents a viable option in the treatment of low rectal cancer and brings hope for improving the quality of the patients’ life.

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