Tag Archives: overweight

Relationship between obesity and psychosocial risk factors in hypertensive patients

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2021-0030

Introduction: Unhealthy lifestyle habits, including sedentary behaviour and improper diet are major risk factors for obesity. Overweight is very frequent in hypertensive and type 2 diabetic patients. Psychosocial factors are associated with multiple health behaviors related to overweight/obesity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between obesity and psychosocial risk factors in hypertensive patients having different levels of education.
Material and methods: 623 hypertensive patients, admitted to the Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Clinic in Tîrgu Mureș were evaluated by weight, height, waist circumference, laboratory analyses and psychosocial risk based on a validated questionnaire on nine topics. Non-paired Student t test was used for statistical evaluation of the obtained data.
Results: Obesity or overweight affected 86.9% of the studied hypertensive patients. Obesity was more frequent in subjects having type 2 diabetes as comorbidity. Mean BMI was significantly higher in the lower education group (p=0.007) compared to those with higher level of education. Average triglyceride and uric acid levels were significantly higher in obese subjects compared to those having lower BMI (p<0.0001). Patients living alone had significantly lower mean BMI (p=0.006) and waist circumference values (p=0.001) compared to those living with their spouse.
Conclusions: Weight excess in very frequent in the studied hypertensive patients, especially in those with type 2 diabetes as comorbidity and having lower educational level. Hypertriglyceridemia and hyperuricemia occurred more frequently in obese subjects compared to non-obese ones. Overweight is less frequent in patients living alone.

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Nutritional Status Assesment in Overweight and Obese Children

Background: Obesity represents the abnormal/excessive accumulation of fat in adipose tissue. Anthropometry takes a person’s body measurements, especially for use on a comparison or classification basis to establish his/her nutritional status. Nutritional condition also includes clinical examination and laboratory findings. Our aim was to assess the nutritional status in a group of obese children versus normal-weight children.
Material and methods: Our prospective study, conducted between October 1, 2010 and April 15, 2011, included a study group with 20 obese children and a control-group with 35 healthy children; we performed antropometric measurements, we calculated some anthropometric indices and performed laboratory tests, abdominal ultrasound and real-tyme elastography; statistical analysis involved Graph PadPrisma and Graph Pad InStat Demo programme; Student’s t test and correlation coefficient Pearson were used.
Results: Children weight and weight-for-age z-score significantly differed between the study-group and controls, at each age group, stature and height-for-age z-score was not significantly different. Medium upper-arm circumference (MUAC) had higher values than Body Mass Index, (BMI), while Tricipital Skin-fold (TSF) recorded the highest values, reflecting the fat deposits of obese children (in controls these indices were between -2SD and +2SD). The laboratory findings were generally within normal limits; total cholesterol values were higher in obese and triglycerides were incresed in a part of children in which they were determined. Liver elasticity was lower in obese than in the control-group.
Conclusion: Overweight alters the nutritional status, disturbs lipid metabolism and decreases the elasticity of the liver, highlighting the risks related to obesity and the importance of prevention and treatment of this disorder.

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