Clinical and Therapeutic Trial for the Efficacy of Narrow Band – UVB Phototherapy versus Systemic Therapy in Moderate and Severe Atopic Dermatitis of the Adult

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2018-0003

Objectives: The aim of this clinical and therapy study was to evaluate the efficacy of NB-UVB phototherapy versus systemic therapy in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis of the adult.
Material and methods: The subjects of the study were divided into two groups of 25 adult patients with moderate and severe atopic dermatitis according to the inclusion criteria. The first group of 25 patients were treated with systemic corticosteroids while the second group of 25 patients were treated with NB-UVB phototherapy. At the end of the study, after all the data were centralized, we performed a statistical analysis of the results, comparing the two groups as well as the efficacy of the different therapies.
Results: In group I the clinical efficacy of the systemic corticosteroid treatment was achieved, on average, at 4 weeks in patients with moderate atopic dermatitis and at 6 weeks in patients with severe atopic dermatitis. In group II the clinical effecacy of NB-UVB phototherapy was achieved, on average, at 6 weeks for patients with moderate atopic dermatitis and at 8 weeks for those with the severe form. In both groups, the total IgE serum levels were elevated at the beginning, and they became normal throughout the clinical improvement. Remarkable therapy-related side effects were found in the first study group.
Conclusion: We conclude that NB-UVB phototherapy had similar efficacy in treating moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis with minimal side effects compared to systemic corticosteroid therapy.

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