Successful Treatment with Infliximab in a Case of Crohn’s Disease with Peripheral Arthropathyes

Introduction: Crohn disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that involves any region of the alimentary tract from the mouth to the anus and it is transmural. Children with early onset are more likely to have colonic involvement. Infliximab constitutes today one of major therapeutic approaches at cases of Crohn’s disease.
Material and methods: We present the case of a 15-year-old female who was admitted in our department presenting pain of the large joints (exacerbated by movement), abdominal pain (epigastric and hypogastric), vomiting, diarrhea. In order to induce remission of the disease, we chose the step-up therapy (the only one accepted in Romania for children with Crohn disease). The initial response to immunosupressant therapy was moderate: no digestive symptoms were present, but extradigestive (articular) symptoms were still present and remission was not obtained (inflammation markers were still present and PCDAI was still above 15). We decided to try to induce remission with Infliximab.
Results: We obtained only temporary improvement of symptoms with “classical” therapy. We had a good response to Infliximab (remission was obtained), but treatment discontinuation without medical advise led to relapse after 9 months.
Conclusions: Infliximab was effective as therapy in Crohn’s disease with peripheral arthropathy, but too soon discontinuation of treatment due to patient’s non compliance determined relapse of the disease.

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