Tag Archives: Separation

Separation by Capillary Electrophoresis of Six Extensively Used Antibacterial Compounds

Background: Penicillins and fluoroquinolones are two of the most extensively utilized class of antibacterial substances. Taking into account the importance of these compounds in the human and veterinary antibacterial therapy, identification and separation of these compounds in different complex matrices represent a necessity and also a challenge.
Objective: The aim of our study was to elaborate an alternative separation technique, suitable for the identification and separation of four penicillin derivatives – amoxicillin, ampicillin, benzylpenicillin and oxacillin – and two fluoroquinolones: ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin, and to optimize the analytical conditions.
Material and methods: MEKC proved to be the appropriate method of analysis for the separation of the studied compounds. The CE experiments were conducted on the Agilent 6100 CE System; the data were recorded and processed with Agilent Chemstation software.
Results: An optimum separation was achieved using a buffer solution containing 25 mM sodium tetraborate, 100 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate and 100 mM boric acid. The migration order of the six compounds was: amoxicillin, ampicillin, benzylpenicillin, oxacillin, ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin. The analytical performance of the method was evaluated by calculating the standard deviation for the peak area and also by checking the linearity of the determination.
Conclusions: The proposed method proved to be an efficient and useful tool in the separation of the studied substances and can find useful applications in the analysis of the studied substances from environmental samples.

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Development of a Capillary Electrophoresis Method for the Separation of Fluoroquinolone Derivatives in Acidic Background Electrolyte

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2014-0023

Introduction: Antibacterial quinolones class comprises a series of synthetic antibacterial agents, following the model of nalidixic acid. Because of their common 6-fluorosubtituent on the quinolone ring, fluroquinolones are the most potent analogues with extended spectrum of activity and great pharmacokinetic properties. The applicability of capillary zone electrophoresis for the separation of fluoroquinolones in acidic background electrolyte has been studied, our aim being the development of a capillary zone electrophoresis method for the simultaneous separation of six fluoroquinolones and also to optimize the analytical conditions. The six studied fluoroquinolones were ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, enrofloxacin, moxifloxacin, ofloxacin and sarafloxacin.
Material and methods: Preliminary, we studied the electrophoretic behavior of six fluoroquinolones in an acidic pH, which highlighted the possibility of developing a separation method in this area of pH. Electrophoretic parameters influencing separation performance
were studied and optimized.
Results: A fast and reliable method has been developed, using a background electrolyte containing 100 mM phosphoric acid and the following conditions: applied voltage: + 25 kV, temperature: 20°C, injection pressure 30 mbar – 5 sec, UV detection at 280 nm, capillary: 60 cm (52 cm effective length) x 50 μm, analyte concentration: 167 μg/ml. The separation of the studied fluoroquinolones was achieved in less than 8 minutes.
Conclusions: Capillary zone electrophoresis using an acidic background electrolyte proved to be an efficient tool in the separation of fluoroquinolones from different generations. Also the proposed methods are particular environment-friendly replacement and improvement of a common high performance liquid chromatography determination with rapid analysis time without using any organic solvents.


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Analytical Performance of an HPLC and CZE Methods for the Analysis and Separation of Perindopril Erbumine and Indapamide

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2015-0073

Introduction: Perindopril, as an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and indapamide, as a thiazide like diuretic, can be administrated together for the treatment of high blood preasure and other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to develop two simple and reliable separation methods for perindopril and indapamide by high performance liquid chromatography and capillary zone electrophoresis in order to evaluate their behaviour under separation conditions, for simultaneous separation.
Materials and methods: Standard solutions of perindopril erbumine and indapamide in proper solvents were analized. An Agilent 1100 series HPLC system was used for the separation of the two analytes on a C18 stationary phase (Zorbax Stable Bond 3.5 µm), under an isocratic elution. As a comparative method, an Agilent 7100 series capillary electrophoresis system was used for the development of the electrophoretic method.
Results: Both developed methods turned to comply to the separation performance parameters such as resolution and selectivity, with low limits of detection, wide range of liniarity. No statistical difference concerning precision of the qualitative parameters was observed. Time analysis less than 5 minutes both for chromatographic and electrophoretic separations proved to generate cost and time effective analysis methods.
Conclusions: Two analytical methods, HPLC and CZE respectively, for the separation of perindoprile erbumine and indapamide have been successfully developed, both recording satisfactory analytical parameters.

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