Tag Archives: statins

Determination of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors by micellar electrokinetic chromatography

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2016-0006

Objective: In this study we report the development of a simple, rapid and efficient capillary electrophoresis method for the simultaneous determination of atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin and simvastin.
Methods: Capillary zone electrophoresis proved to be efficient for the simultaneous separation of atorvastatin and fluvastatin, but could not resolve the determination of lovastatin and simvastatin. The simultaneous separation of all four statins was achieved by applying a micellar electrokinetic chromatographic method, after transforming lovastatin and simvastatin in β-hydroxyl acid forms through alkaline hydrolysis. The optimum electrophoretic conditions and analytical parameters were investigated and the analytical performances of the method were verified with regard to linearity, precision, accuracy, LOD and LOQ.
Results: The optimum electrophoretic separation conditions were: 25 mM sodium tetraborate with 25 mM sodium dodecyl sulphate buffer electrolyte at pH 9.5, applied voltage + 25 kV, separation temperature 25 °C, injection pressure/time 50 mbar/1 minutes, UV detection at 230 nm. Using the optimized electrophoretic conditions we succeeded in the simultaneous determination of the four statins in approximately 3 minutes, the order of migration being: atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin. The proposed method has been applied to the determination of the analytes in pharmaceutical tablets formulations.
Conclusions: The capillary electrophoretic method developed in the present work proved to be suitable for the routine analysis of statins and can be adopted as quality control protocol in pharmaceutical analysis.

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Hypolipemiant Treatment: Making the Right Choice for Osteoporotic Patients

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2013-0004

Introduction: It has been shown that dyslipidemia is related to bone mineral density and fragility. Hypolipemiant drugs as statins or fibrates seem to increase the bone mineral density and probably to protect against fractures. The question that arises in this context is whether statins or fibrates have a positive effect on bone fracture repair process and which is their behaviour in an osteoporotic context. Our objective was to study the incidence of osteoporosis, dyslipidemia and of the association of these diseases, and to compare the effect of statins and fibrates on fracture repair in experimental conditions.
Material and method: We studied the incidence of dyslipidemia and osteoporosis in the activity of a private family medicine cabinet. In the experimental part we observed from a radiographic point of view the fracture repair process of rats’ femurs. We analyzed 6 subgroups of 12 rats each: (1) ovariectomized control, (2) ovariectomized treated with statins, (3) ovariectomized treated with fibrates, (4) nonovariectomized control, (5) ) nonovariectomized treated with statins, (6) ) nonovariectomized treated with fibrates. The radiographic aspect has been objectified with a score at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks.
Results: From the total of 646 patients included in the study, 193 (29.87%) had dyslipidemia while osteoporosis was diagnosed at 152 (23.53%) patients. 301 (46.6%) patients presented the association of these diseases. Comparing the subgroups of the OVX group, we had the following results: subgroup 1 – 5.5 points, group 2 – 11 points and group 3 – 4.5 points. In the case of the NOVX subgroups, the scores were: subgroup 4 – 7.5 points, subgroup 5 – 10 points and subgroup 6 – 6.5 points.
Conclusions: The fact that the incidence of dyslipidemia is higher than that of osteoporosis is an argument for the necessity of choosing a hypolipemiant treatment that has, at the same time, a protective effect on bone. Hypolipemiant treatment influences the fracture repair process. The positive effect of statins on this process is more important on the ovariectomized group, in contrast with fibrates which have an accentuated effect on the nonovariectomized group and this suggests an interference between hypolipemiant treatment and estrogens level. However, the treatment with fibrates delays the fracture repair, groups (3) and (6) scores being inferior to those of the control group. We sustain the helping effect of statins treatment on fracture repair process.

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