A study of the impact of solid cast removable dentures with silver electroplating on the condition of patients

DOI: 10.2478/amma-2023-0002

Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine the effectiveness and biocompatibility of the use of solid clasp dentures with silver plating in the restoration of partial defects of the dentition.
Methods: The study involved 23 patients with partial secondary adontia after oral rehabilitation. At the first stage, before the start of treatment and after a month of using a clasp prosthesis, patients underwent studies of blood biochemical parameters, Schiller-Pisarev’s test and Papillary-marginal-alveolar index. At the second stage of the research, silver electroplating was applied to the metal parts of the clasp prosthesis and after a month of use, its effect on oral hygiene and blood biochemical parameters was assessed.
Results: After installation of the removable prosthesis with solid structures, the PMA index after the use of silver-plated clasp prosthesis decreased to medium severity, which is explained by positive impact on the inflammatory process in the gums. We can see the stability of biochemical parameters of blood in patients with solid removable prostheses can serve as a justification for the administration of silver electroplating for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes.
Conclusions: The effectiveness of the use of silver plating in the treatment of partial defects of the dentition eliminates the clinical manifestations of the pathological condition and prevents possible complications in the oral cavity.

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