Tag Archives: CBCT

Practical Advantages of CBCT in the Surgical Treatment of Impacted Lower Third Molar

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2017-0006

Introduction: The imaging method of cone beam is an improved, extremely accurate computed tomography applicable in the whole field of dentistry. Due to its ability to locate the exact position of the impacted teeth, CBCT software has an important role in the management of difficult cases of impacted third molar. In some situations, the lower third molar is quite near to the inferior alveolar nerve that the surgical extraction can present a high risk of post-operative sensitive impairs of the skin and mucosa of the lower lip and chin on the same side.
Presentation of case series: Our study tried to assess the contribution of CBCT in the pre-operative evaluation and further treatment of patients with impacted third molars in mandibular bone with high risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury. The paper presents three clinical cases showing positive signs on standard OPG, which exhibit indicators of a potential contact between the inferior alveolar nerve and the impacted lower third molars. For an improved exploration Dental CT Scan, DICOM image acquisition program, and 3D reconstruction with a special software were used. Conclusions: The study showed that compared with panoramic radiography, CBCT improve the evaluation of the surgical risk and allow a more accurate planning of surgery.

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Identification of the Procedural Accidents During Root Canal Preparation Using Digital Intraoral Radiography and Cone Beam Computed Tomography

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2016-0028

Crown or root perforation, ledge formation, fractured instruments and perforation of the roots are the most important accidents which appear during endodontic therapy. Our objective was to evaluate the value of digital intraoral periapical radiographs compared to cone beam computed tomography images (CBCT) used to diagnose some procedural accidents.
Material and methods:Eleven extracted molars were used in this study. A total of 18 perforations and 13 ledges were created artifically and 10 instruments were fractured in the root canals. Digital intraoral periapical radiographs from two angles and CBCT scans were made with the teeth fixed in position. The images were evaluated and the number of detected accidents were stated in percentages. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi square-test.
Results:On digital periapical radiographs the evaluators identified 12 (66.66%) perforations, 10 (100 %) separated instruments and 10 (76.9%) created ledges. The CBCT scans made possible the recognition of 17 (94.66 %) perforations, 9 (90 %) separated instruments and 13 (100%) ledges. The totally recognized accidental procedures showed significant differences between the two groups. (p<0.05)
Conclusion: Digital periapical radiographs are the most common imaging modalities used during endodontic treatments. Though, the CBCT allows a better identification of the procedural accidents.

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Imaging Findings of Bisphosphonates-Associated Osteonecrosis of Jaw: Literature Review and Report of 3 Cases

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2015-0081

Purpose: The present study aims radiological aspects of the occurrence of osteonecrosis of the jaw age groups both in receiving i.v bisphosphonates tratment Imaging assessment of bisphosphonates therapy-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw it is important to differentiate neoplastic invasion, osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis induced by radiation or bone related pathology of general diseases.
Material and method: We conducted a retrospective clinical study including 22 patients (8 men and 14 women) with various stages of osteonecrosis of the jaw.
Results: Radiological examinations using CBCT are required in all therapeutic approach of osteonecrosis of jaw cases providing accurate informations of position, dimension and the link with anatomical structures.Our study showed that the prevalence of osteonecrosis of mandibular growth is higher in women than in men and the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw in appearance is depending on age factor witch occurs more often between age 52-59 and 73-80 years old.
Conclusion: The multitude of complications due to treatment with bisphosphonates bind to an early and specialized therapeutic approach. Radiological examinations is a first choice in the detection and early diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw, patients requiring a permanent supervision by the physician and dentist.

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