Tag Archives: sleeve gastrectomy

Case Report: Endoscopic Management of Sleeve Gastrectomy Fistula

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2016-0049

Background. Morbid obesity is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Bariatric surgery is the best option to manage obesity. Vertical gastrectomy is safe and effective but sometimes complicate with hemorrhage, fistulas and stenosis. Fistulas can be solved by conventional surgery or interventional endoscopy.
Case presentation. We describe a morbidly obese patient with vertical gastrectomy who developed complications after surgery. Immediately after surgery the patient developed sepsis. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy excluded fistula. One month later a peri-gastric abscess developed due to a fistula orifice in the distal esophagus, treated with argon plasma and two double pigtail plastic stents placed endoscopically to drain the abscess. The stents were removed two weeks later and was placed a covered metallic stent in the distal esophagus. Six weeks later the metallic stent was removed and the orifice closed. Four months later the patient developed sepsis. Computer tomography revealed a subdiaphragmatic abscess and endoscopy revealed a 2 mm fistula orifice at the previous site, treated with argon plasma and two trough-the-scope clips that closed it. There were no further incidents after two years of follow-up.
Conclusions. Early diagnosis and endoscopic approach can resolve these complications without the morbidity and increased mortality risk of surgical re-interventions.

Full text: PDF

Laparoscopic Greater Curvature Plication for Morbid Obesity: Indications, Results, Perspectives

DOI: 10.1515/amma-2015-0041

Morbid obesity is an important health problem of our century. It is managed by diet, lifestyle changes and medication and surgery. Weight-loss surgery is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity, producing durable weight loss, improvement or remission of comorbid conditions and longer life. Bariatric surgery provides the best results in up to 75% of cases of severe obesity and obesity comorbidities. In the United States, over 200 000 patients benefit every year from bariatric procedures. That means there is a continuous evolving of the bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is metabolic surgery because it resolves or alleviates Type2 Diabetes, hyperlipidemia and hypertension. The most employed bariatric operations are Roux -en- Y gastric by-pass, adjustable gastric banding, biliopancreatic diversion and sleeve gastrectomy, each of them having shortage of long term results and safety. In the last eight years was introduced a new bariatric procedure, the gastric plication, in an effort to obtain similar weight loss with lesser complications and costs. We present our initial experience with 30 morbid obese patients who undergone laparoscopic gastric plication in our institution. The mean % Excess Weight Loss was 50% at 6 month and 65% at 12 month with important alleviation of comorbidities. The complications rate was 6.6% for major complications (but only in the first 6 cases) and 10% for minor complications.

Full text: PDF